Indonesia

Magnificent islands waiting to be explored

Indonesia, the largest archipelago and the fifth most populous nation in the world, has a total of 17,508 islands, of which about 6,000 are inhabited. Indonesia extends 3,198 miles (5,150km) between the Australian and Asian continental mainlands and divides the Pacific and Indian Oceans at the Equator. With a total land area of 767,777 square miles (1,919,443 sq. km), its 190 million inhabitants are made up of 300 ethnic groups who speak an estimated 583 different languages and dialects. There are five main islands in Indonesia. These are: Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Irian Jaya.

Sumatra is one of Indonesia's most important islands in just about every way: economically, politically and strategically. Sumatra accounts for a full 25% of the country's total land area. Bukit Barisan, an unbroken mountain wall varying in height, extends down the entire western side of the island. The range includes 93 volcano peaks, 15 of them still active. With 176 different species of mammals, 194 reptiles, 62 amphibians and 150 birds, the island is famous for its varied animal life. It has a greater variety of wildlife than any other island in the country.

The island of Kalimantan is shared with Malaysia. Many areas of the island are almost untouched by the Western world. For the more rough and ready traveler, this is the place to go, although tourist facilities are relatively undeveloped and visitors are few.

Irian Jaya occupies the western half of the island of New Guinea. The island has been a part of Indonesia politically since 1969 . Although it makes up 22% of Indonesia's total land area, only 1% of the country's people live there. Irian Jaya is also the least visited and most remote Indonesian province. 

Java, the island where Indonesia's capital city lies, is one of the country's richest, lushest and most populated islands. It was on this island in the early 1800's that the Dutch East India Company established themselved in Indonesia. By the early 20th century, the Dutch had control over the entire country. Although Indonesia is no longer controlled by the Dutch, a great Dutch influence remains. Dutch food, architecture, and all around culture is evident throughout Indonesia.
 
In two decades, Indonesia has turned itself from rice importer to rice exporter and established itself as the fifth largest OPEC producer. Petrochemicals and oil production account for 70% of the country's foreign revenues, and Indonesia is now the world's leading exporter of liquid natural gas.

Indonesia Destination Guide

Lee's Travel has created this travel guide which lets you experience some of Indonesia's most exotic destinations with a knowledgeable guide. Use it to plan your holiday and to make your trip an amazing experience. Enjoy!

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